Brazil, a former Portuguese colony, derives most of its laws from the Portuguese, French, Italian and German Civil law. Brazil has been a Federative nation since the implementation of the Federal Constitution on Oct 21, 1988. The Constitution organizes the country in 26 federate states. Each state has the power to adopt its laws; however, the laws must conform to those spelled out in the Federal Constitution.
The arms of the government are the Executive, Judiciary and Legislature. The judicial system is made up of many courts. These courts interpret the constitution and execute the law. The Apex is the highest court of appeal and is the guardian of the Federal Constitution. The Apex court has all the constitutional rights to uphold federal legislation and treaties.
Law and lawyers
The country has numerous law schools. In 2007, the country had 1,024 courses with 197,664 law students. As of 2010, the country had 621,885 lawyers. The State of São Paulo led the pack with 222,807 lawyers followed by Rio de Janeiro with 112,515 lawyers then the State of Minas Gerais with 63,978 lawyers.
Law is among the most esteemed and promising courses in the country. Law students take five years in a law school before graduating. After graduation, the student can’t practice law until they pass the Bar Examination. One of the renowned lawyers in the country is Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho.
Born on 11th March 1963, Mr. Tosto graduated from the Mackenzie University with a degree in law. He also has an extension in BA from the Fundação Armando Alvares Penteado. Mr. Ricardo started out small in a tiny office in Brazil but as of today, his law firm is among the largest in Brazil. His practice areas are civil law, banking law, political and election law, business criminal law, debt and credit restructuring, commercial law and contracts. He has successfully defended many high profile individuals and companies.
Tosto is a partner and a founding member of Leite Tosto e Barros Advogados and is also part of the Brazilian Bar Association. He is a founding member of Brazilian Institute for Electoral and Party Research. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is highly recognized in criminal litigation and different people, firms and even governments turn to him for help.
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